The push-up is a classic and highly effective bodyweight exercise that targets multiple muscle groups, making it a staple in any fitness routine. Primarily working the muscles of the chest, shoulders, and triceps, push-ups also engage the core, back, and even the legs to a certain extent. This compound movement not only helps build upper body strength and definition, but also improves overall stability and muscular endurance. One of the key benefits of push-ups is that they can be performed with minimal space and equipment, making them ideal for home workouts or when you're on the go. They can also be easily modified to suit different fitness levels. Beginners can start with modified push-ups by placing their knees on the ground, gradually building strength to perform standard push-ups with the knees off the ground. Advanced exercisers can challenge themselves further by incorporating variations such as elevated push-ups, decline push-ups, or single-leg push-ups. In addition to building muscle, push-ups also have cardiovascular benefits, as they elevate the heart rate during the set. This makes them a valuable exercise for improving overall fitness levels and burning calories. To maximize the efficiency of push-ups, it's important to maintain proper form throughout the movement, including alignment of the body, engagement of the core, and controlled lowering and pushing up. Remember to listen to your body and start with a number of repetitions and sets that feel challenging but doable. As your strength and endurance improve, gradually increase the intensity or add variations to keep your workouts challenging and continue seeing progress. Whether you're looking to build strength, tone your upper body, or improve your overall fitness, push-ups are a versatile exercise that can help you achieve your goals.


  • Start by positioning yourself facing the floor, with your hands placed slightly wider than shoulder-width apart and your fingers pointing forward.
  • Extend your legs and position your toes on the floor, while your body remains straight and aligned from head to heels.
  • Bend your elbows and lower your body towards the floor, keeping your core engaged and your back straight.
  • Continue lowering until your chest is just above the ground or as far as you can go comfortably.
  • Pause for a moment in this lowered position, maintaining control and tension throughout your body.
  • Push through your hands and extend your arms, lifting your body back up to the starting position.
  • Repeat the movement for the desired number of repetitions, focusing on maintaining proper form and control.
  • Modify the exercise by performing it on your knees instead of your toes if needed for an easier variation.

Tips & Tricks

  • Engage your core throughout the entire exercise to maintain stability and prevent back injuries.
  • Make sure to keep your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart for optimal engagement of the chest, shoulders, and triceps.
  • Focus on lowering yourself slowly and with control to maximize muscle activation and strength gains.
  • Ensure that your body forms a straight line from head to toe throughout the movement, avoiding excessive arching or sagging of the back.
  • Remember to breathe consistently throughout the exercise, exhaling as you push up and inhaling as you lower down.
  • If you're new to push-ups, start with modified variations such as knee push-ups or incline push-ups until you build enough strength.
  • Incorporate different variations of the push-up, such as diamond push-ups, decline push-ups, or Russian push-ups, to target different muscle groups and add variety to your routine.
  • Don't neglect your triceps during push-ups! To engage them more, position your hands slightly closer together and ensure your elbows stay relatively close to your body as you perform the movement.
  • Prioritize quality over quantity. It's better to perform a few push-ups with proper form than a larger number with incorrect form.
  • Consistency is key. Try to incorporate push-ups into your regular workout routine a few times per week to see improvements in strength and form.


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