Barbell Front Squat

Barbell Front Squat

The barbell front squat is a compound exercise that primarily targets the muscles of the lower body, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes. It is an advanced variation of the traditional squat, requiring balance, coordination, and core strength. This exercise also engages the back and core muscles to maintain an upright posture throughout the movement. To perform the barbell front squat, you start by standing with your feet shoulder-width apart and a barbell resting on the front of your shoulders, secured by your hands. Keeping your chest lifted and core engaged, lower your body down by bending at the knees and hips, as if sitting back into an imaginary chair. Aim to bring your thighs parallel to the ground or slightly lower, ensuring your knees do not extend past your toes. Then, push through your heels to return to the starting position. Adding the barbell to the front squat places greater emphasis on the quadriceps, allowing for increased strength and muscle development. It also challenges your upper body and core stability as you support the weight on the front of your shoulders. The flexibility and mobility required to maintain a proper front rack position can also improve over time with consistent practice. Incorporating barbell front squats into your workout routine can help you build leg strength, improve overall lower body power, and enhance athletic performance. However, it is essential to ensure proper form to avoid injury. If you are new to this exercise, consider starting with bodyweight squats or other variations to build a foundation of strength and technique before progressing to the barbell front squat. Always consult with a fitness professional to determine if this exercise is suitable for your fitness level and goals.


  • Start by standing tall with your feet shoulder-width apart and toes slightly turned out. Hold the barbell in front of your body at shoulder level, with your palms facing upwards and elbows pointing forward. Engage your core, keep your chest up, and maintain a straight back throughout the exercise. Bend at your hips and knees, lowering your body into a squat position. Keep your knees in line with your toes. Continue descending until your thighs are parallel to the ground or slightly below. Pause briefly at the bottom. Drive through your heels, pushing the floor away, and return to the starting position. Repeat for the desired number of repetitions.

Tips & Tricks

  • Focus on proper form and technique to ensure maximum benefits and prevent injuries.
  • Engage your core muscles throughout the entire movement to maintain stability and improve overall strength.
  • Keep your chest up and maintain an upright posture throughout the exercise to target the quadriceps and glute muscles effectively.
  • Start with a lighter weight to perfect your form before gradually increasing the load.
  • Ensure that your knees track in line with your toes throughout the movement to avoid unnecessary strain on the joints.
  • Control the descent and ascent of the squat to engage the muscles throughout the entire range of motion.
  • Inhale deeply as you lower into the squat and exhale forcefully as you push back up to optimize breathing mechanics.
  • Periodically evaluate your mobility and flexibility to address any limitations that may impact your ability to perform the exercise properly.
  • Consider incorporating variations like the goblet squat or the split squat to add variety and target different muscles.
  • Prioritize recovery by including proper rest days, stretching, and adequate nutrition to support optimal muscle growth and prevent overtraining.


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